West Sumatera Propince
West Sumatra is one of
the most beautiful areas of Indonesia. It is mountainous and divided by three
valleys. There are lovely lakes and spectacular volcanoes. But Minangkabau land
is very special and has the most friendly population group of Indonesia. They
love to talk with visitors and will tell us about their unique society. If a
visitor tries to understand the culture and Minang traditions he will soon feel
himself a member of the clan. He will be invited as a guest to their homes - a
unique way to become acquainted with real Indonesian life. Most of our hosts
and hostesses are English teachers so language will not be much of a problem.
They will show us the community and explain their customs.
The land of the
Minangkabau, West Sumatra has a distinct culture, which distinguishes it from
the rest of the island. A land of scenic beauty with blue green lakes and
mountains, West Sumatra's Centre of culture and tourism is Bukittinggi in the
highlands, north of the provincial capital of Padang. Most prominent in the
landscape is the horn-shaped roofs of the houses nestled in the coconut groves.
The name Minangkabau means triumphant buffalo. It leads a community and family
life based on a matrilineal system, which clusters around mosques and the
traditional houses. As it is the women who have the properties, the men are
known for their wanderlust and entrepreneurship. Traveling is considered a mark
of success and therefore many of them are found "merantau"
(emigrated) to other parts of the country. This is proof that many Minang or
Padang restaurants, serve very spicy food, found in all major towns in the
nation. The people are hospitable and eloquent in a poetic style of speech and
ceremonies. Festivals are colorful occasions.
West Sumatra has a
coastline where the capital is situated. The hinterland is a range of high
mountains, which dip into picturesque valleys and lakes. Amongst them are the
remnants of the old Minangkabau kingdom of Pagaruyung, (the art centers for
silver, hand-weaving, embroidery and woodcarving).
West Sumatra province
has about 49,778 sq km width, which is located between 0o 54' North Latitude
and 3o 30' South Latitude and between 98o 36' and 101o 53'. The boundaries of
this regency is:
North Side: Riau Province
South Side: Indian Ocean
West Side: North Sumatra Province
East Side: Jambi and Bengkulu Province
West Sumatra Province
has 42,297.30-km2 areas. The West Sumatran coastline faces the Indian Ocean and
stretches 375 km from North Sumatra province in the northwest to Bengkulu in
the southeast. West Sumatra lakes include: Maninjau (99.5 km2), Singkarak
(130.1 km2), Diatas (31.5 km2), Dibawah (14.0 km2), Talang (5.0 km2). West
Sumatra rivers include: Kuranji, Anai, Ombilin, Suliki, Arau. The mountains
& volcanoes of West Sumatra are included: Marapi (2,891 m), Sago (2,271 m),
Singgalang (2,877 m), Talakmau (2,912 m), Talang (2,572 m), Tandikat (2,438 m).
The temperature of
West Sumatra province has ranges between 22o C and 32o C, and the rainfall is
2,289 mm per year.
West Sumatra Province
is divided among 8 regencies and 6 municipals with Padang as its capital city.
The people of this
province have a strong tradition leaving their hometown to make their way of
life. Indeed, West Sumatra communities (Minang) are easily found in each
province of Indonesia. In 1994, the total population reached 4,265,900 people
with its density amounted to 101 people per Km2. In the 1990-1994 period, the
people grew at a rate 1.6% per year or in the lower level that of the
population national growth amounted to 2.144% per year.